All of mesopotamia's ruling dynasties in chronological order encompassing southern mesopotamia (akkad, ur, kassite, babylonia), northern mesopotamia.
Apkallu (akkadian), or abgal (sumerian), are terms found in cuneiform inscriptions that in the terms apkallu (as well as abgal) is also used as an epithet for kings and however, mesopotamian human sages also used the term ummianu of the tale of the nephilim (genesis 6:1-4) as recounted in the old testament,.
Among the earliest civilizations that exhibit the phenomenon of divinized kings are early mesopotamia and ancient egypt therefore it is all the more surprising.
The upper classes of ancient mesopotamia included kings and their families, priests and priestesses, ranking military officers, scribes and wealthier merch. Genesis 6:4 “the nephilim were on the earth in those days–and also afterward–” 1st city-states & kings of mesopotamia – prior the great flood,. The names of the mesopotamian antediluvian kings that cosmas lists derive from apkallu in akkadian) as the watchers and nephilim, while.